The view from the window of Garrelt Duin’s office — the economics minister for North Rhine-Westphalia — takes in coal and gas-fired power plants, factories and smokestacks.
Mr. Duin works in the state at the heart of the country’s energy industry that is marked by the brand new gas-fired power plants, spinning wind-power turbines and slagheaps that scar the landscape.
Viewed from Mr. Duin’s office above, the nation’s transition to renewable energies is complicated and messy.
Companies are scrambling to adapt or be destroyed as Germany rushes to switch to clean energy in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Germany plans to draw at least 80 percent of energy from renewables by 2050.
The subsidies for renewables have already caused huge losses for Germany’s utilities and they are hastily adjusting their structures.