Talking about salaries is usually a taboo, but a proposed new law to boost wage equality in Germany will force employers to tell women applying for a job just how much their male counterparts earn.
The law is being spearheaded by Manuela Schwesig, the minister for family affairs and a member of the center-left Social Democratic Party, the junior partner in Germany’s left-right governing coalition.
After months of talks with management and unions, Ms. Schwesig outlined the core points for an equal pay law this week, meeting a pledge made when German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s coalition government took office at the end of 2014. It is now in the hands of Ms. Merkel and her full cabinet.
Employers would be obligated to tell women applying for a job exactly how much a group of at least five male colleagues with “the same or equivalent” work experience earn on average – or, if necessary, vice versa. If that wage is higher than the salary offered the woman applicant and the employer is unwilling to increase it, she can either turn to the workers’ council or file a lawsuit.
Ms. Schwesig said the law was also intended to make women more self confident in wage negotiations. “How can I negotiate well, if I do not know what those to my left and right earn?” she said.
The idea is that companies will be more open about salaries. Existing secrecy clauses, designed to deter workers from discussing salaries with each other, should be eliminated. Job descriptions should include the minimum salary.
The law would help to close the 22-percent wage gap between men and women, Ms. Schwesig said, noting the largest reason for the pay difference is because women are more heavily represented in occupations that pay the worst. The “adjusted” pay gap, however, still amounts to eight percent.