Workforce woes

Germany Needs 400,000 Migrants Every Year

  • Why it matters

    Why it matters

    Germany’s workforce is aging and despite the huge influx of migrants over the past two years, immigration is failing to keep up with demand.

  • Facts

    Facts

    • The study by the Nuremberg Institute for Employment Research shows that without migrants, the reservoir of workers in Germany would shrink massively by 2060.
    • If immigration stopped and if labor market participation by women and older people remained at the current level, the aging of society would result in 18 million fewer workers.
    • Even with an average of 200,000 immigrants a year, the labor force of 45.8 million in 2015 would decline to 38.9 million in 2060.
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    Audio

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Bauarbeiter
Germany needs many more workers to ensure its continued growth. Source: DPA

Advocating immigration at a time when there are large numbers of refugees in Germany isn’t particularly popular. But the experts at the Nuremberg Institute for Employment Research (IAB) are doing it anyway, and their latest study makes for interesting reading. It shows that without migrants, the reservoir of workers in Germany would shrink massively by 2060.

If immigrants stopped coming to Germany and if labor market participation by women and older people remained at the current level, the aging of society would result in 18 million fewer workers by 2060.

But advances in equality could slow the decline, the study suggests. If woman were integrated into working life as much as men are today, and if people retired later, it would create a potential for 2.9 million additional workers.

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