German-Israeli Ties

From Bitter Enemies to Close Friends

reuven rivlin, president of israel, and joachim gauck, president of germany, at Schloss Bellevue in Berlin on 11 May 2015 Source DPA
Reuven Rivlin, the president of Israel, and Joachim Gauck, the president of Germany, mark 50 years of official relations between the two countries at a ceremony on Monday in Berlin.
  • Why it matters

    Why it matters

    The 50th anniversary of Israel’s diplomatic relations with Germany marks a half century of close cooperation and militiary support that stemmed out of the darkest chapters of World War II.

  • Facts


    • Israel was founded in 1948,  and Germany and Israel established diplomatic ties on May 12, 1965.
    • As atonement for the Holocaust, Germany has provided Israel with money, materials, and military equipment such as submarines.
    • West Germany recognized Israel in 1965 only after learning that Egypt was poised to recognize East Germany.
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For many Israelis in 1965, the tighter relationship with Germany came too soon, just 20 years after the Holocaust, which claimed the lives of around six million Jews.

Thousands took to the streets in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem to protest what they viewed as an attempt to “wash the guilt of the Shoah with money,” recalled historian Rafel Seligmann, who was born in Israel and is publisher of the quarterly Jewish Voice from Germany.

Among the protestors was Reuven Rivlin, the future and today current president of Israel.

Fifty years later, Mr. Rivlin, a genteel vegetarian loved in Israel for his sense of fairness, spent three days in what was once the capital of Adolf Hitler’s Germany to laud one of the world’s most unlikely post-war friendships, a bond between former perpetrator and former victim that has weathered the 1972 terrorist attacks in Munich, Germany’s refusal to let the U.S. resupply the Israelis in the 1973 Yom Kippur War, and rising frustration in modern Germany over the fate of the Palestinians.

“The strong and deep friendship we celebrate this year, between Israel and Germany, was made possible by Germany taking responsibility for the crimes of the past,” Mr. Rivlin said Monday in Berlin on the eve of Tuesday’s 50th anniversary of Israeli-German official relations at a dinner hosted by Joachim Gauck, the German president.

Mr. Rivlin’s comment followed an announcement that Israel had agreed to purchase four German-made submarines to help secure its Mediterranean gas rigs, with heavy financial support from Berlin. The German government, as part of its atonement for the Nazi Holocaust, has often helped pay for the cost of military equipment for Israel in the past.

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