The German government concept of civil defense dates back to the year 1995. Helmut Kohl was chancellor, the Warsaw Pact was history, and the world was looking forward to a peace dividend.
Then came the terror attacks of September 11, 2001, followed by wars in Iraq, Afghanistan and most recently Syria. Now there are terrorists armed with bombs and assault rifles staging attacks in Europe.
The world is certainly a different place than it was 21 years ago. Which is why Interior Minister Thomas de Maizière is updating Berlin’s civil defense concept.
“The main forms of conflict to be expected are so-called hybrid conflicts involving both state-aligned and non-state-aligned conflict parties and opponents,” says an internal draft for inter-ministerial consultation seen by Handelsblatt.
It goes on to say that such “conflicts taking place using terrorist-style methods” could well be a threat to security, as modern infrastructure offers “many targets.”