Dilapidated infrastructure is threatening to turn Germany’s traffic problem into a disaster for drivers – and perhaps politicians too. Leverkusen Bridge in Cologne, for example, is host to an almost perpetual traffic jam, its steel so rusty that trucks are no longer allowed to use it. The chaos on this bridge across the River Rhine is so bad that it was a factor in the defeat of the North Rhine-Westphalia government of Social Democrats and Greens in recent state elections.
Around 180,000 vehicles use this only 10-year-old part of the A1 motorway everyday, many more than it was designed for. Leverkusen Bridge is beyond repair and experts refuse to predict how long before it collapses. The cost of replacing it is pegged at around €600 million – only a fraction of the tens of billions needed across the country. Chaotic road conditions are not just confined to Cologne. The effect of too many vehicles, on too small roads, is being felt all over Germany.
Rusty bridges and crumbling roads are the result of German red tape. Road-construction planning and authorization processes take a long time. Experts reckon Leverkusen Bridge could be built anew by 2023. However, Peter Hübner, president of the Central Federation of the German Construction Industry and an expert in public projects such as this, is wary about the pace of official approvals. “If we had that bridge built by 2025, we would have done a great job,” he said.
Traditionally, public works projects have been planned in full by public authorities. They hand the projects over to privately-owned construction companies only after planning is completed. Mr. Hübner is one of a number of construction-industry experts now calling for more and earlier private-company involvement. “There would be better communication between planning and construction, and we’d be done a lot quicker,” Mr. Hübner explained.