Iranian pickles can be purchased by anyone walking into a French supermarket chain in Moscow. Whoever needs a car in Russia can choose from a variety of foreign brands. Tractors made in Belarus pile up in front of a factory in Minsk because Russian farmers prefer to buy machines from Germany, America or Italy.
The Russian government has been trying for years, by means of incentive programs and protective tariffs, to prop up domestic industry and discourage foreign suppliers. The attempts have accomplished absolutely nothing.
Is all this supposed to change suddenly, simply because President Vladimir Putin is threatening the West with counter-sanctions? The threats are scarcely credible, and nobody in the West should be cowed by such statements.
It sounds worrisome when Moscow threatens to raise natural-gas prices significantly for Europe as punishment for the E.U. sanctions. That would be extremely difficult for Russia to accomplish. Long-term delivery contracts exist with price formulas that can’t be altered unilaterally.
Otherwise, Russia would be judged by an international arbitration court just as severely as was the case last week in legal proceedings instituted by ex-shareholders of Yukos, the now-defunct oil company seized by Mr. Putin’s government. He faces another big problem: Natural-gas production can’t be stopped as easily as oil production.
Where is Mr. Putin supposed to sell the natural gas intended for Europe? There are no other delivery pipelines. If he were to allow the unused gas to go up in smoke over Siberia, Russia would lose billions.
Mr. Putin is digging a hole for himself. Russia, despite crises, was always dependable as a gas supplier, which served as a standard argument for people in politics and economics who were called “Russia sympathizers.” Now, Mr. Putin seems to be confirming long-held fears held by others that Russia could use energy as a weapon.
The long-term consequence: In Europe, the discussion about how to become more independent of Russia will quickly gain momentum. Russia’s economy would suffer in the long term. Mr. Putin’s helpless anger is harming his own country.