French Elections

Another French Disaster

  • Why it matters

    Why it matters

    Following the defeat of Geert Wilders in the Netherlands, all eyes are on France’s upcoming presidential election in April and May, where a victory for far-right candidate Marine Le Pen could spell disaster for European democracy.

  • Facts

    Facts

    • A public opinion poll by Odoxa indicates that some 75 percent of French voters want to see former front-runner François Fillon, whose campaigne is plagued by corruption scandals, drop out of the race.
    • According to a survey published by Le Figaro, independent candidate Emmanuel Macron is currently polling even at 26 percent with far-right Front National candidate Marine Le Pen.
    • In France, candidates are pitted against each other twice. The first round of the vote will be on April 23, after which the top two  candidates face each other in a run-off on May 7.
  • Audio

    Audio

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Former French prime minister Manuel Valls reacts after partial results in the second round of the French left’s presidential primary election in Paris
Manuel Valls was the former prime minister of France from 2014 – 2016. A member of the Socialist Party, he has nevertheless refused to support the party’s presidential nominee, Benoît Hamon. Photo: Reuters

The “Hunger Games” aspect of this French election cycle began on the left: While President François Hollande was brought down by his own Socialist Party, his prime minister, Manuel Valls, became the second course at the cannibals’ banquet.

By then, the corpse of one of France’s two major parties, no longer merely supine, had reached an advanced state of decomposition. Now, at the very moment when one might expect a presidential candidate to tell the nation what he thinks of Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin, and Islamic radicals, the wan Socialist candidate Benoît Hamon has found nothing better to talk about than red sludge, endocrine disruptors and legalizing marijuana.

On the right, the disaster is now just cresting. Early on, former president Nicolas Sarkozy was eliminated. Former Prime Minister Alain Juppé, after being crowned the virtual president for much of last year, was toppled by those who had adored him. And in the wake of the scandal surrounding François Fillon, the Republican nominee and the man who defeated him, Mr. Juppé lost his nerve and on March 6 definitively quit the race.

Mr. Fillon, once the clear frontrunner and the choice of four million primary voters, has now brought forth the spectacle of a party of mutineers seeking to nudge him out of the race. Schemes, evasions, calculations, and bargains multiply – all based on polls interpreted by the political equivalents of astrologists. Another corpse.

Socialist candidate Benoît Hamon has found nothing better to talk about than red sludge, endocrine disruptors and legalizing marijuana.

Enter the investigating magistrates, who obviously are playing their rightful role in hearing evidence about a fake jobs scandal involving Fillon’s wife and children. Their integrity, however, will not be impugned by a gentle reminder that they, too, are human beings, susceptible to human passions and resentments; that the considerable power they wield tends, as all power does, to reach as far as it can; and that, as a consequence, they have become fully enmeshed in a campaign from which – to invoke Montesquieu – they should strive scrupulously to hold themselves at a distance.

But each and every one of us, as French citizens and voters, are the worst part of this entire picture. Our new and strange relationship to politics, as evidenced by the current circumstances, can be summed up in three terms.

Cancan. Or, more accurately, can’t-can’t. This is shown every Wednesday at the appearance of the new Le Canard Enchaîné, the satirical weekly whose insurrectionary humor, once fodder for the loose cannons of the left and right, is becoming the everyday language of politics. There was a time when reading the newspaper was, as G.W.F. Hegel said, the philosopher’s morning prayer. Now reading Le Canard Enchaîné feeds the electorate’s insatiable appetite for ridicule.

With what sardonic anticipation French readers await the latest on the base doings of our elected officials and their rivals! With what greedy delight do we devour our weekly dose of corruption, rot, and scandal! And what bleak disappointment we feel, what sudden loss of interest in life itself, when, by chance, there is nothing new to report. Ought we not bear in mind that such amusement and inebriation at scandal causes us to “yawn gloomily toward a dark demise,” as the poet Stéphane Mallarmé once wrote?

Politics is becoming a subspecies of soccer, with teams, fans, referees, and high scorers.

Which brings us to our second term: Spectacle. In lieu of judgment, we get ceaseless and frivolous commentary on the thousand and one twists and turns of the electoral contest. There was a time when the news media covered sports as if it were politics. Now, political commentary much more resembles sports coverage.

Accordingly, “game analysis” has become the paradigm of political narrative. And in France, the country said by Karl Marx to be the political nation par excellence, politics is becoming a subspecies of soccer, with teams, fans, referees, and high scorers. Is it any surprise that at the height of the Fillon Affair, the right-wing bosses and their phantom coaches turned — doctrinal and stylistic differences be damned! — to their patiently waiting benchwarmers? Likewise, one wonders whether Mr. Fillon’s loyalists see in him anything more than his stamina — that is, his ability to take a beating and the figure he cut when, after being knocked flat on his back, he got up as if returning to an unfinished fight.

This leads us to our third term: Equality. The desire for it was once the noblest of passions and included the dream of cultivating the body politic and, as a result, dignifying politics. I agree with the philosopher Jean-Claude Milner who, in his recent book, Relire la Révolution (“Reread the Revolution”), takes on the Anatole France of The Gods Are Athirst. Far from simply offering the people their daily ration of blood, Maximilien Robespierre also tried, in his way, to check the descent of the masses into a vengeful mob and to salvage what he could of the balances inherent in republican hierarchy.

There is none of that in today’s brand of egalitarianism – nothing but a mob inching ever closer to its moment of ultimate power while promoting an equality not of common interest but of complaints, indignities, grudges, and corruption. And among the fragmented, distraught children of the Enlightenment, among the alternately aggressive, blind and despairing zombie heirs of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, equality is no longer a goal. Instead, it is a dark shroud, a halo of resentment and hatred to which our common tongue is tied as to a buoy in a tide.

This is another disaster, another delusion. From redemptive egalitarianism to equal-opportunity grousing and score-settling, we have hiked the path that leads a society from life to death.

Frightening as it sounds, that is where France finds itself: not in a mere crisis, but in the last stages of what the great anti-Nazi historian Marc Bloch called, in 1940, his nation’s “strange defeat.” We confront not a lone tree of iniquity, but rather a vast forest of murky words, dangerous and lunatic in their debasement.

And, lying in wait, guided by the Eumenides — the Greek deities of vengeance whose name is synonymous with fury as well as justice — a figure is taking shape. It is, in classical terms, in fulfillment of a dreadful fate: Marine Le Pen.

 

Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2017.www.project-syndicate.org

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